Posting of agricultural extension officers, 1929


The development of a network of specialist colonial officials in the 20th century not only reflected the ‘Ethical' Dutch concerns with Indonesian welfare but marked a major administrative change. Unlike the dualist Binnenlandsch Bestuur, the new services were multi-racial Indonesians could and increasingly did rise to administrative positions where they were in charge of European subordinates.

Further reading

Doel, H.W. van den, ‘Practical agricultural education in the Netherlands East Indies: the transfer of agricultural knowledge to the indigenous population of Java, 1875-1920', Journal of the Japan-Netherlands Institute 6 (1996), pp. 78-94.

Moon, Suzanne, ‘Empirical knowledge, scientific authority, and native development: the controversy over sugar/rice ecology in the Netherlands East Indies, 1905-1914', Environment and History 10, no.1 (Feb 2004), pp. 59-81.

Map number from Cribb, Historical Atlas of Indonesia (2000)


Year span

1929 - 1929