Allied military operations and positions, mid-July 1944 to August 1945


Japan's naval advance in the Pacific was stemmed in early May 1942 in the battle of the Coral Sea and western New Guinea soon felt the impact of American and Australian counter-attacks. By contrast, British forces attacking from the west weremainly engaged in Burma and the dozen commando raids on Sumatra were of little military or political significance. In the east, after the capture of Morotai, American forces concentrated on recovering the Philippines, leaving Australian troops to begin the attacks on central Indonesia.

Further reading

Dennis, Peter, Troubled Days of Peace: Mountbatten and South East Asia Command, 1945-46. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1990.

Long, Gavin, The final campaigns. Canberra: Australian War Memorial, 1963.

Thorne, Christopher, Allies of a Kind: The United States, Britain, and the War against Japan, 1941-1945. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.

Map number from Cribb, Historical Atlas of Indonesia (2000)


Year span

1944 - 1944