Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)


Unlike SEATO, ASEAN was never envisaged as a military pact. Instead, it envisaged economic, diplomatic and technical cooperation between its members to promote their individual  resilience. In 1992, the members agreed to create an ASEAN Free Trade Area by 2008, but progress in this direction has been slow. The ASEAN Regional Forum, which has met since 1994, discusses security issues with Australia, Canada, the European Union, China, Japan, South Korea, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Russia, the United States, and the other Southeast Asian states.


Further reading

Broinowski, Alison, ASEAN into the 1990s. London: Macmillan, 1990.

Broinowski, Alison, Understanding ASEAN. London: MacMillan, 1982.

Map number from Cribb, Historical Atlas of Indonesia (2000)


Year span

1967 - 1990