Buleleng (northern Bali) in the late colonial period


During the nineteenth century, the Dutch enforced laws in most towns in the Netherlands Indies which required people to live in the quarter (wijk) allocated to their ethnic group. These rules were abolished in the early twentieth century and increasing mingling took place. Segregation by class began to erase the earlier segregation by ethnicity.

Further reading

The Indonesian town: studies in urban sociology. The Hague, W. van Hoeve, 1958.

Map number from Cribb, Historical Atlas of Indonesia (2000)


Year span

1908 - 1908