Chinese officers in Java, 1930

Further reading

Fasseur, C., ‘Cornerstone and stumbling block: racial classification and the late colonial state in Indonesia', in Robert Cribb, ed. The late colonial state in Indonesia: political and economic foundations of the Netherlands Indies, 1880-1942. Leiden: KITLV Press, 1994, pp. 31-56.

Lohanda, Mona, The Kapitan Cina of Batavia, 1837-1942 : a history of Chinese establishment in colonial society. Jakarta: Djambatan, 2nd ed., 2001.

Map number from Cribb, Historical Atlas of Indonesia (2000)


Year span

1930 - 1930