Representative councils in Java, 1937

Further reading

Abeyasekere, Susan, ‘Colonial urban politics: the municipal council of Batavia’, Kabar Seberang, Sulating Maphilindo no.13-14 (1984), pp. 17-24.

Benda, Harry J., ‘The pattern of administrative reform in the closing years of Dutch rule in Indonesia', Journal of Asian Studies 25 (1966), pp. 589–605.

Map number from Cribb, Historical Atlas of Indonesia (2000)


Year span

1937 - 1937