Europeans (including Japanese) in the outer islands, 1920

Further reading

Bosma, Ulbe, and Remco Raben, Being ‘Dutch’ in the Indies: a history of creolisation and empire, 1500-1920. Singapore: NUS Press 2008.

Fukami, Sumio, 'A socio-political history of the Indo-Europeans in colonial Indonesia: discord between the territorial principle and blood orientation', Tonan Ajia kenkyu 35 no 1 (1997), pp. 31-54.

[Volkstelling 1920] Uitkomsten der in de maand November 1920 gehouden volkstelling.  Batavia: Ruygrok, 1922.

Shimizu, Hiroshi, ‘Evolution of the Japanese commercial community in the Netherlands Indies in the pre-war period (from Karayuki-san to sogo shosha)', Japan Forum, 3 no 1 (1991), pp. 37-56.

Map number from Cribb, Historical Atlas of Indonesia (2000)


Year span

1920 - 1920