Chinese and Peranakan in the Indonesian archipelago, 1920


The 1920 census of the Netherlands Indies distinguished between ‘Chinese' (people born in China) and ‘Peranakan' (people of Chinese descent born in the Indies and to some extent acculturated to Indies society).  The proportion of these two communities varied greatly from region to region.  By the end of the colonial period, however, many Peranakan had begun to ‘re-sinify', that is, to adopt cultural elements associated with metropolitan China.

Further reading

Coppel, Charles A., ‘Revisiting Furnivall's 'plural society': colonial Java as a mestizo society?', Ethnic and Racial Studies 20, no.3 (Jul 1997) 562-579.

Uitkomsten der in de maand November 1920 gehouden volkstelling.  Batavia: Ruygrok, 1922.

Year span

1920 - 1920