Bali: the empire of Gelgel at its greatest extent, 17th century

Further reading

Creese, Helen, ‘Balinese babad as historical sources: a reinterpretation of the fall of Gelgel’, Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde 147, no.2–3 (1991), pp. 236-360.

H├Ągerdal, Hans, ‘Bali in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries: suggestions for a chronology of the Gelgel period’, Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde 151, no.1 (1995), pp. 101-124.

H├Ągerdal, Hans, Hindu rulers, Muslim subjects: Lombok and Bali in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Bangkok: White Lotus Press, 2001.

Hauser-Schaublin, Brigitta, ‘The precolonial Balinese state reconsidered: a critical evaluation of theory construction on the relationship between irrigation, the state, and ritual’, Current Anthropology 44, no.2 (Apr 2003), pp. 153-181.

Putra Agung, A.A. Gde, Peta sejarah Propinsi Bali. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, Direktorat Sejarah dan Nilai Tradisional, Proyek Inventarisasi dan Dokumentasi Sejarah Nasional, 1987.

Robson, S.O., ‘The ancient capital of Bali’, Archipel 16 (1978), pp. 75-89.

Scarborough, Vernon L., John W. Schoenfelder and J. Stephen Lansing, ‘Early statecraft on Bali: the water temple complex and the decentralization of the political economy’, Research in Economic Anthropology 20 (1999), pp. 299-330.

Schulte Nordholt, Henk, The spell of power: history of Balinese politics 1650-1940. Leiden, KITLV Press, 1996.



Year span

1600 - 1700