Islamization of the Indonesian archipelago and lines of Muslim religious influence in the archipelago

Further reading

al-Attas, Naguib, Syed, ‘A general theory of the Islamization of the Malay-Indonesian Archipelago’, in Sartono Kartodirdjo, ed., Profiles of Malay culture: historiography, religion and politics. Jakarta: Ministry of Education and Culture, Directorate General of Culture, 1976, pp. 73-84.

Brice, William C., ed.,  An Historical Atlas of Islam. Leiden: Brill, 1981.

Clarence-Smith, William G., ‘Elephants, horses, and the coming of Islam to northern Sumatra’, Indonesia and the Malay World 32, no.93 (Jul 2004), pp. 271-284.

Gordon, Alijah, ed., The propagation of Islam in the Indonesian-Malay Archipelago. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Sociological Research Institute, 2001.

Jordaan, Roy E., ‘Coexistence of religions in ancient Central Java', in Chandra, Lokesh, ed. Society and culture of Southeast Asia: continuities and changes. New Delhi: International Academy of Indian Culture; Aditya Prakashan, 2000, pp.121-126.

Lape, Peter, ‘Archaeological approaches to the study of Islam in island Southeast Asia’, Antiquity 79, no.306 (Dec 2005), pp. 829-836.

Ricklefs, M.C., Mystic synthesis in Java: a history of Islamization from the fourteenth to the early nineteenth centuries. Norwalk: EastBridge, 2006.

Ricklefs, Merle C. ‘Six centuries of islamization in Java', in Nehemia Levtzion, ed., Conversion to Islam (New York: Holmes and Meier, 1979, pp. 100-128.

Map number from Cribb, Historical Atlas of Indonesia (2000)


Year span

1450 - 1650