Java, 1595-1625


In the space of about thirty years, Mataram's empire came to encompass a larger part of Java than any previous kingdom. Only the small Hindu-Buddhist kingdom of Balambangan in the east, the Muslim sultanate of Banten in the far west, and the VOC settlement of Batavia successfully resisted Mataram's power.

Further reading

Carey, Peter, ‘Civilization on loan: the making of an upstart polity: Mataram and its successors 1600-1830', Modern Asian Studies 31 no 3 (1997), pp. 711-734.

Reid, Anthony, Southeast Asia in the Age of Commerce 1450-1680, volume two: expansion and crisis. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993.

Map number from Cribb, Historical Atlas of Indonesia (2000)


Year span

1595 - 1625