Airlangga's kingdom, 11th century

Further reading

Christie, Jan Wisseman, ‘Revisiting early Mataram', in Fruits of inspiration: studies in honour of Prof. J.G. de Casparis. Groningen: Forsten, 2001, pp. 25-55.

Hall, D.G.E., A History of South-East Asia. New York: St. Martin's Press, 4th ed., 1981.

Jordaan, Roy E., ‘Belahan and the division of Airlangga's realm’, Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde 162, nos.2-3 2007. pp. 326-355.

Munoz, Paul Michel, Early kingdoms of the Indonesian archipelago and the Malay Peninsula  Singapore: Editions Didier Millet, 2006.

Nihom, Max, ‘Ruler and realm: the division of Airlangga's kingdom in the fourteenth century’, Indonesia no.42 (1986), pp. 78-101.

Map number from Cribb, Historical Atlas of Indonesia (2000)


Year span

1000 - 1100