Upheaval in Java, 1948: the Madiun Affair and the Darul Islam movement

Further reading

Anderson, David Charles, ‘The military aspects of the Madiun Affair', Indonesia 21 (Apr 1976) 1-64.

Boland, B.J., The Struggle of Islam in Modern Indonesia. The Hague:  Martinus Nijhoff, 1982.

Dijk, C. van, Rebellion under the banner of Islam: the Darul Islam in Indonesia. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1981

Map number from Cribb, Historical Atlas of Indonesia (2000)


Year span

1948 - 1948