Makasar and the subordinate states of south Sulawesi, ca 1600

Further reading

Abidin, A.Z, ‘La Ma'dukelleng: precursor of South Sulawesi unification against the Dutch VOC', Prisma: Indonesian Journal of Social and Economic Affairs 22 (Sep. 1981), pp. 29-46.

Cummings, William, A chain of kings: the Makassarese chronicles of Gowa and Talloq. Leiden: KITLV Press, 2007.

Cummings, William, Making blood white: historical transformations in early modern Makassar.  Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 2002.

Reid, Anthony, ‘A great seventeenth century Indonesian family: Matoaya and Pattingalloang of Makassar', Masyarakat Indonesia (June 1981), pp. 1-28.

Map number from Cribb, Historical Atlas of Indonesia (2000)


Year span

1600 - 1600