Officers from other ethnic groups in Java, 1930

Further reading

Fasseur, C., ‘Cornerstone and stumbling block: racial classification and the late colonial state in Indonesia', in Robert Cribb, ed. The late colonial state in Indonesia: political and economic foundations of the Netherlands Indies, 1880-1942. Leiden: KITLV Press, 1994, pp. 31-56.

Jonge, Huub de, ‘Discord and solidarity among the Arabs in the Netherlands East Indies, 1900-1942', Indonesia 55 (Apr 1993) 73-90.

Lohanda, Mona, ‘The Inlandsche Kommandant of Batavia', in Kees Grijns and Peter J.M. Nas, eds., Jakarta-Batavia: socio-cultural essays. Leiden: KITLV Press, 2000, pp. 116-124.

Map number from Cribb, Historical Atlas of Indonesia (2000)


Year span

1930 - 1930