Opium consumption and registered opium users, 1932

Description

In 1894, the system of selling opium through private traders was replaced by a state opium monopoly, the Opiumregie, which imported and refined raw opium and sold it to registered users through government shops. Opium use was often seen as a primarily Chinese problem, but in Java a majority of consumers were indigenous.

Further reading

Chandra, Siddharth, ‘What the numbers really tell us about the decline of the Opium Regie' Indonesia 70 (Oct. 2000), pp. 101-123.

Trocki, Carl A., Opium, empire and the global political economy: a study of the Asian opium trade, 1750-1950. London: Routledge, 1999.

Map number from Cribb, Historical Atlas of Indonesia (2000)

4.55

Year span

1932 - 1932

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