Prisons in the Outer Islands, with total number of days of detention, 1938

Further reading

Bruinink-Darlang, Christien, Hervormingen in de koloniale periode: verbeteringen in het Nederlands-Indisch strafstelsel in de periode 1905-1940.  Arnhem: Gouda Quint 1993.

Erwiza, Miners, managers and the state: a socio-political history of the Ombilin coal-mines, West Sumatra, 1892-1996. PhD thesis, University of Amsterdam, 1999.

Map number from Cribb, Historical Atlas of Indonesia (2000)


Year span

1938 - 1938