Private estates of Java, 1900 and 1930

Further reading

Delden, Emile van, De particuliere landerijen op Java. Leiden: Van Doesburgh, 1911.

Fernando, M. Radin, ‘A social history of peasants in the private lands of Indramayu and Kandanghaur in Java in the late nineteenth century', Kalyani 2 (Oct 1983), pp. 205-227.

Map number from Cribb, Historical Atlas of Indonesia (2000)


Year span

1900 - 1930