Regional rebellions and provincial boundaries, 1950-1954

Further reading

Boland, B.J. The Struggle of Islam in Modern Indonesia. The Hague:  Martinus Nijhoff, 1982.

Chauvel, Richard, Nationalists, soldiers and separatists: the Ambonese islands from colonialism to revolt 1880-1950. Leiden: KITLV Press, 1990.

Dijk, C. van, Rebellion under the banner of Islam: the Darul Islam in Indonesia. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1981.

Feith, Herbert, The decline of constitutional democracy in Indonesia. Ithaca NY: Cornell University Press, 1962.

Map number from Cribb, Historical Atlas of Indonesia (2000)


Year span

1950 - 1950