Shifting cultivation in approximately 1950


Since 1950, the area under swidden cultivation has shrunk rapidly and swiddeners are often involved part time in other economic activities, such as working for timber companies or cultivating permanent lowland fields.

Further reading

Boomgaard, Peter, ‘In the shadow of rice: roots and tubers in Indonesian history, 1500-1950’, Agricultural History 77, no.4 (Fall 2003), pp. 582-610.

Spencer, J.E., Shifting cultivation in southeastern Asia. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1966.

Map number from Cribb, Historical Atlas of Indonesia (2000)


Year span

1950 - 1950