Slaving in the Indonesian archipelago, 16th-18th centuries

Further reading

Reid, Anthony, ed., Slavery, bondage and dependency in Southeast Asia. St Lucia: University of Queensland Press, 1983.

Warren, James Francis,  The Sulu zone 1768‑1898: the dynamics of external trade, slavcery, and ethnicity in the transformation of a Southeast Asian maritime state (Singapore: Singapore University Press, 1981).

Map number from Cribb, Historical Atlas of Indonesia (2000)


Year span

1500 - 1700