Revival of traditional monarchies, 1999-2007


During the New Order, only the Sultanate of Yogyakarta and its associated junior monarchy the Pakualaman, had any kind of official status.

Further reading

Klinken, Gerry van, 'Return of the sultans: the communitarian turn in local politics', in James Davidson and David Henley (eds), The revival of tradition in Indonesian politics: the deployment of adat from colonialism to indigenism. London: Routledge, 2007, pp. 149-69.

MacRae, Graeme and I Nyoman Darma Putra, 'A new theatre-state in Bali? Aristocracies, the media and cultural revival in the 2005 local elections', Asian Studies Review 31, no.2 (Jun 2007), pp. 171-189.

Year span

1999 - 2007