According to legend, the Javanese kingdom of Singhasari also attacked the Minangkabau kingdom. To avert bloodshed, the two sides agreed that the conflict would be settled by means of a buffalo fight. The Javanese champion was a huge bull, but the Minangkabau came forward with a buffalo calf, not yet weaned from its mother. The Javanese expected an easy victory, but the Minangkabau had kept the calf thirsty and had tied razor-sharp knives to its head. When the two animals were released into the ring, the calf rushed immediately towards the bull and nuzzled its belly, hoping to find milk. The knives attached to its head cut open the bull and the Minangkabau claimed victory.
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Map number from Cribb, Historical Atlas of Indonesia (2000)
Aru, Ceylon, Ch'ih-t'u, China, India, Jambi, Kedah, Kelantan, Kuala Berang, Lampung, Lamuri, Langkasuka, Malay Peninsula, Melayu, Minangkabau, Pagarruyung, Pahang, Palembang, Panai, Pasai, Perlak, Singhasari, Srivijaya, Sukhotai, Sumatra, Tambralinga, Tamiang, Trengganu