At about the time of the sack of Palembang by the Javanese in the 1390s, a Palembang prince called Parameswara fled the region in search of a base where he could befree of Javanese domination. His story is recorded with different details inearly European records and in the Malay epic Sejarah Melayu, but heappears to have settled for a time in Temasik (the site of today's Singapore),where he fought off both Javanese and Thai forces, before he or one of hisdescendants chose a site close to the narrowest point of the strait whichbecame known as Melaka.
Cœdès, George, The Indianized states of Southeast Asia. Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1975.
Hall, D.G.E., A History of South-East Asia. New York: St. Martin's Press, 4th ed., 1981.
Munoz, Paul Michel, Early kingdoms of the Indonesian archipelago and the Malay Peninsula. Singapore: Editions Didier Millet, 2006.
Wheatley, Paul, The Golden Khersonese: studies in the historical geography of the Malay Peninsula before A.D. 1500. Kuala Lumpur: University of Malaya Press, 1961.
Wolters, O.W., Early Indonesian commerce: a study of the origins of Srivijaya. Ithaca. N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1974.
Map number from Cribb, Historical Atlas of Indonesia (2000)
Aru, Barat, Barus, Batan, Dharmasraya, Hujung Medini, Jambi, Jere, Kahwas, Kampar, Kampe, Kandis, Karitang, Kedah, Kelang, Kelantan, Lampung, Lamuri, Langkasuka, Lwas, Malay Peninsula, Mandahiling, Melaka, Minangkabau, Pahang, Pako, Palembang, Pane, Perlak, Rekan, Samudra, Sanghyang Ujung, Siak, Singapore, Sumatra, Tamiang, Teba, Temasik, Trengganu