Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula, second half of 18th century

Further reading

Andaya, Barbara Watson, To live as brothers: southeast Sumatra in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1993.

Aspinall, A., Cornwallis in Bengal: the administrative and judicial reforms of Lord Cornwallis in Bengal, together with accounts of the commercial expansion of the East India Company, 1786-1793, and of the foundation of Penang, 1786-1793. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1931.

Bastin, John, The British in West Sumatra (1685-1825): a selection of documents. Kuala Lumpur: University of Malaya Press, 1965.

Dobbin, Christine, Islamic revivalism in a changing peasant economy: Central Sumatra, 1764-1847. London: Curzon, 1983.

Vos, Reinout, ‘The broken balance: the origins of the war between Riau and the VOC in 1783-1784', in G.J. Schutte, ed., State and trade in the Indonesian archipelago. Leiden: KITLV Press, 1994, 115-139.

Map number from Cribb, Historical Atlas of Indonesia (2000)


Year span

1750 - 1800