Hindu and Buddhist temple complexes in Central and East Java

Further reading

Dumarçay, Jacques,  The temples of Java. Singapore: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Gomez, Luis, and Hiram W. Woodward, Jr., eds., Barabudur: history and significance of a Buddhist monument. Berkeley, CA: Asian Humanities Press, 1981.


Gonda, J., ‘The Indian religions in pre-Islamic Indonesia and their survival in Bali', in Religionen. Leiden, E.J. Brill, 1975, pp. 1-54.

Jordaan, Roy E., ‘The Sailendras, the status of the Ksatriya theory, and the development of Hindu-Javanese temple architecture', Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde 155, no.2 (1999) pp. 210-243.

Jordaan, Roy E., ‘Ancient Javanese temple ruins identified’, Review of Indonesian and Malaysian Affairs 25, no.1 (Win 1991), pp. 64-73.

Jordaan, Roy E., In praise of Prambanan: Dutch essays on the Loro Jonggrang Temple complex. Leiden: KITLV Press, 1996.

Lohuizen-de Leeuw, Johana Engelberta van, ‘The stupa in Indonesia’, in Anna Libera Dallapiccola and Stephanie Zingel-Ave Lallemant, eds., The Stupa: its religious, historical and architectural significance. Wiesbaden: Steiner, 1979.

Miksic, John N., Borobudur: golden tales of the Buddhas. Boston: Shambhala, 1990.

Smithies, Michael, ed., The temples of Java. Singapore: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Sundberg, Jeffrey Roger, ‘Considerations on the dating of the Barabudur stupa’, Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde 162, no.1 (2006), pp. 95-132.

Map number from Cribb, Historical Atlas of Indonesia (2000)

2.22

Year span

700 - 1400

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