In the early 17th century, the small island of Roti was divided into more than twenty tiny, antagonistic states. Attempts by some rulers to draw the VOC into their disputes led to a series of Dutch campaigns between 1656 and 1681 which devastated many island communities but Roti did not come firmly under Dutch control until 1756.
Durand, Frédéric, East Timor: a country at the crossroads of Asia and the Pacific: a geo-historical atlas. Bangkok: Silkworm Books; Institut de Recherché sur l'Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine (IRASEC), 2006.
Durand, Frédéric, Timor: 1250-2005: 750 ans de cartographie et de voyages Éditions Arkuiris, 2006.
Hägerdal, Hans, ‘Rebellions or factionalism? Timorese forms of resistance in an early colonial context, 1650-1769', Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde 163, no.1 (2007), pp. 1-33.