Transmigration locations in southern Sumatra, ca 1990

Further reading

 Hoey, Brian A., 'Nationalism in Indonesia: building imagined communities tthrough transmigration',   Ethnology 42 , no 2 (2003), pp.  109-126.

Rigg, Jonathan, 'Land settlement in Southeast Asia: the Indonesian transmigration programme', in Jonathan Rigg, ed., Southeast Asia : a region in transition : a thematic human geography of the ASEAN region. London: Unwin Hyman, 1991, pp. 80-108.

Tirtosudarmo, Riwanto, Transmigration policy and national development plans in Indonesia (1969-88). Canberra:  National Centre for Development Studies, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University, 1990.

Wuisman, J.J.J.M., 'Social change in Bengkulu: a socio-cultural analysis', Prisma: Indonesian Journal of Social and Economic Affairs 41 (Sep 1986), pp. 83-105.

Map number from Cribb, Historical Atlas of Indonesia (2000)


Year span

1990 - 1990