VOC territories and trading posts in Asia, 1650

Further reading

Boxer, C. R., The Dutch seaborne empire 1600-1800. London: Hutchinson, 1965.

Gaastra, Femme S., The Dutch East India Company: expansion and decline. Zutphen: Walburg Pers, 2003.

Knaap, G.J., Kruidnagelen en Christenen: de Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie en de bevolking van Ambon 1656-1696. Dordrecht: Foris Publications, 1987.

Leur, J.C van. Indonesian Trade and Society: Essays in Asian Social and Economic History. The Hague: W. van Hoeve, 1955.

Map number from Cribb, Historical Atlas of Indonesia (2000)


Year span

1650 - 1650